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常見關於調音整琴的情況

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Common Piano Tuning and Repair Scenarios

If the "Service Summaries & Fee" page is too extensive, here are some common scenarios related to piano tuning and repairs.

Even though there are fee listed in the answers, the fee in "Service Summaries & Fee" shall prevail.

Any free pianos, even from friends, are usually not the durable ones produced by well-known manufacturers. Parts wear through time, strings might have become rusty. Theres piano might be prone to string breakage during the tuning process, and might need extensive repairs.

On the contrary, well-known brands such as Yamaha and Kawai do produce more durable pianos. Even if these pianos were neglected for a long time, tuning and repairs are less risky.

Normally, old second-hand or free pianos posses many unknown issues. Before any in-person evaluation is done, we can only estimate the service duration to be 3-4 hours ($800-1000).

If the piano has been regularly tuned and serviced before the pandemic, and is still being played during the pandemic, the piano should still function well.

Most piano will just need "Basic Tuning" ($600). If the pitch level has dropped, then a "Pitch Correction" service ($800) is required.

If such a situation only happens occasionally, it is most likely a result of high humidity. On the other hand, oxidation might occur to some part if the piano is old.

Nevertheless, a common solution is replacement of metal pins of affected keys. This procedure is time consuming, and will take 7-10 hours to finish those from all 88 keys ($1800). Therefore, we usually only repair the affected keys. When possible, clients should mark the affected keys. For clients with restricted financial means, there are less time-consuming ways. However, the effect is only temporary, we do not guarantee the longevity of alternative methods.

If only 1-2 keys have been affected, they can be fixed alongside a tuning appointment ($600-800), without extra charge.

Note that there are other reasons for sticky keys, the one mentioned above is a very common scenario.

從我的經驗裏,就算是這些已被「宣佈死亡」的鋼琴,大部分都能修理。雖然是比較麻煩,我也有修好過幾部「已死」的舊琴。

因為舊琴的零件必定會有磨損、琴弦可能有生鏽,它需要維修的地方會較多,調音斷弦的風險會比較高。維修的難度亦視乎鋼琴本身用料的質素,有些鋼琴本來就用了很差的材料,一觸即碎!碎了便要換,愈整愈多。斷弦了的話,更換新弦需時30分鐘至1小時。斷得多的話,便會需要很長時間去續一更換。可是,斷弦其實不常發生,尤其是日本Y和K牌的舊琴。小牌子亦不多斷弦,要斷亦不會多於兩條。不過呢,我對於生鏽比較嚴重的琴弦還是會欠安全感,畢竟斷弦後的工序很煩。這是為什麼有些師傅不想麻煩,便直接「宣佈死亡」。

即是說,維修費用可能會較高。當估計維修要幾千元的時候,我一般都會提議:不如把錢投資到一部較好的鋼琴吧!

但也有客人對鋼琴很有感情,無論如何也想把從小到大陪着成長,或已故親人的遺物修理好。當客人有Sentimental Reason,亦已了解維修的風險和費用,我當然會盡力去維修。

由於變數太多,在我未親身檢查之前,只能估計需要3至6小時服務($800-1500)。

如洗衣機一樣,機器不用就容易壞啊。就算一直不彈,鋼琴也會因天氣及濕度轉變而走音,音準亦慢慢下降。最重要的是,若鋼琴長期沒被彈,它好容易變成一個合適蟲蟲和米奇的家。

所以呢,要再為閒置很久的鋼琴調音、維修和清潔,其實不是大家想像中容易。

由於變數太多,在我未親身檢查之前,都只能估計需要3至4小時服務($800-1000)。

一些客人表示,看完「Q&A: 怎樣算是鋼琴的「簡單清潔」和「深度清潔」?(🐭慎入)」一文後十分擔心自己的琴會否也住了蟲蟲和米奇。畢竟,我們不建議沒受專業訓練的人士自行將琴拆開來檢查。若有經常彈琴及做定期調音,鋼琴內裹其實不會那麼容易滋生蟲蟲。師傅來調音時,客人絕對可以向我們過問關於鋼琴清潔的狀況。此外,家居衛生也很重要!請不要邊彈琴邊吃東西。

在琴裏面放一些獨立包裝的蟲蟲藥是可以的,不過請不要直接噴殺蟲水(或任何液體)。日防夜防,倒霉的事情還是會發生。如果剛好有破壞力很強的蟲蟲住進去,甚至是白蟻入侵… 就算師傅定期來調音也擋不了。

新買入的二手琴也有這個隱患。可是,客人通常都是買完才會找我。所以,無論裏面是怎樣,我們也只能盡力清潔了。少數客人會找我先檢查二手鋼琴的狀況才購買,這樣便能避免買到蟲蟲琴的風險。

如果鋼琴入面很髒,我們可以為它做深度清潔。主要是將全部88個琴鍵拿出來,將那裏積聚多年的塵埃皮屑清走。從中我們還會為琴鍵抹乾淨。因為拿開88個琴鍵很費時,「深度清潔」需要1至2小時。連調音,也就總共需要3至4小時($800-1000)。

為了簡化費用的計算,單調音是以單次計算。若加上任何調音以外的服務,則以工時計算。 工時可包括調音、調整、維修和清潔,費用亦包括所有物料(除替換的低音弦和防潮管外)。服務的仔細程度亦反映在工時裏,方便不同程度維修的需要。 客人找我們報價,我們會因應客人的形容估計所需工時。因為變數很多,確實收費以當天工時為準;工時愈長,收費愈高。費用亦包括車馬費及以小時計的乘車時間。若地區遍遠,或只能以的士代步,我們會事先要求收取額外車馬費。 需要做內部清潔的話,請借吸塵機一用。清潔琴鍵下面是比較費時的工序,客人可以幫一些忙,增加效率(減低費用)。

我們暫時主攻內部維修,沒有做打蠟和拋光。必要時,用拋光布抹抹是可以。認真的拋光打蠟要用到機器,與汽車打蠟十分相似。就算有工具,一般的鋼琴維修工具已經很重,要再帶機器便重死我了。

至於外部修補,這跟油漆比較相類,已經算是另一門手藝了。我暫時傾向專心做調音及維修。

形樂 Kata Music